Cardiology is a medical branch that deals with heart diseases. Diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular conditions fall under the expertise of cardiology specialists. Numerous diseases related to the heart and vascular system, such as heart attacks, heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, and valve disorders, are diagnosed and treated within the field of cardiology. Cardiology specialists employ various diagnostic tests and imaging methods for the diagnosis of these diseases. These tests include electrocardiography (EKG/ECG), echocardiography, stress tests, angiography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Additionally, cardiology experts provide counseling services on maintaining heart health, prevention of diseases, and post-treatment follow-up.

Aortic insufficiency

Aortic regurgitation is a heart disease caused by a problem with the aortic valve, the heart's main artery. The aortic valve pumps blood from the left ventricle of the heart to the aorta and is a valve that prevents blood from escaping back. Aortic regurgitation causes deformation or damage to the valve, causing backflow of blood. In this case, the heart works to pump more blood and over time can cause weakening of the heart muscle and heart failure. Symptoms of aortic regurgitation include shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, and feeling faint. Treatment options may include medication, surgery, or valve repair. Hypertension


Hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure is higher than normal. Blood pressure is the pressure exerted on the veins by the blood pumped by the heartbeat. While normal blood pressure is considered as 120/80 mmHg, the diagnosis of hypertension is made when a blood pressure measurement of 140/90 mmHg or above is made. Hypertension is a disease that usually does not show symptoms. However, in the long term, it can lead to serious health problems such as hypertension, heart attack, stroke, kidney diseases. Therefore, it is important that hypertension be followed up and treated on a regular basis after being diagnosed.


Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases characterized by dysfunction of the heart muscle. The heart muscle cannot function normally and weakens or thickens over time. This can affect the heart's ability to pump blood, causing problems in regulating blood flow. Cardiomyopathy can be caused by many different factors, such as genetic factors, infections, toxins, or medications. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, fatigue, edema, fast or irregular heartbeats. Diagnosis is made using an electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, stress test, blood tests, and other tests.

Voluntary heart diseases

Ischemic heart diseases are a group of heart diseases that occur due to the narrowing or occlusion of the coronary arteries that carry blood to the heart, as a result of which the heart cannot receive enough oxygenated blood. The most common type is coronary artery disease and can cause symptoms such as heart attack, angina pectoris (chest pain). Other causes of ischemic heart diseases include heart valve diseases and congenital or acquired disorders of the heart muscle. Ischemic heart disease is more common in people with risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, overweight and lack of physical activity. Healthy lifestyle, regular exercise, smoking cessation, healthy diet and medication are recommended for the prevention and treatment of heart diseases.

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