Child Diseases and Health (pediatrics)

Child Health and Diseases can be defined as a medical branch called pediatrics. This field deals with the health and illness of infants, children and young people. Therefore, it focuses on health problems that occur in all age groups from infancy to adolescence. Childhood diseases encompass all diseases that can occur during the developmental stages of the body. The causes of these diseases may include genetic factors, infections, environmental factors, nutritional disorders, metabolic disorders and many other factors. Some of the topics related to child health and diseases include healthy development of babies, adequate nutrition of children, vaccinations of children, diagnosis and treatment of common diseases in children. Child health and diseases are vital to the healthy growth of children. Therefore, it is extremely important for parents to obtain information about their child's health by contacting their pediatrician for regular check-ups. In conclusion, pediatric diseases and health is an issue of great importance and one that all parents should be aware of.

Pediatric Hematology

Pediatric hematology is a medical branch that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of blood diseases in children. These diseases include anemia, bleeding disorders, leukemia, lymphoma, hemophilia, and thalassemia. Diagnosis and treatment of blood diseases in children are different from adults. Because it is necessary to make treatment plans suitable for the growth and development processes of children. Therefore, pediatric hematology is a specialized field and is carried out by pediatricians or pediatric hematologists.

Pediatric Endocrinology

Pediatric endocrinology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of hormonal disorders in children. Doctors working in this branch carry out the diagnosis and treatment process in case of problems such as growth, development, puberty (adolescence) process, metabolism and reproductive health of children. Pediatric endocrinology deals with many different hormonal problems such as diabetes, thyroid diseases, growth hormone deficiency, sex hormones and pituitary disorders. Pediatric endocrinologists are medical professionals who have specialized training in hormone disorders and are also known as pediatricians or pediatric endocrinologists.

Pediatric Genetic Diseases

Child genetic diseases refer to diseases that occur as a result of genetic mutations. Since these diseases are usually inherited genetically, they are diagnosed by family history and genetic testing. Childhood genetic diseases can occur before, during or after birth. Some examples are: Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, Tay-Sachs disease, ameliotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Huntington's disease, hemophilia, and polycystic kidney disease.

Pediatric Nephrology

Pediatric nephrology is a branch of pediatric medicine specializing in kidney diseases and disorders. These diseases include kidney failure, kidney stones, nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, urinary tract infections and other genitourinary disorders.

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Child Diseases and Health (pediatrics)